Macular Degeneration Treatment in Westmoreland County & Pittsburgh, PA
Risk Factors for Macular Degeneration
- Caucasian Race
- Family History
- Current or Former Smoker
The Importance of Screening for Macular Degeneration
Age-Related Macular Degeneration or AMD can be a serious, sight threatening disease that can lead to blindness.
It is very important to have macular degeneration screening on a regular basis, particularly if you have any of the risk factors or are over age 55. However, please note that macular degeneration can affect anyone from any background at any time. We still do not have a definitive explanation for what causes AMD, but believe that it is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental conditions.
Macular Degeneration Screening
The Center for Sight will perform a thorough eye examination to screen for signs of macular degeneration. The screening is painless and includes a dilated eye examination, analysis of visual acuity, and meticulous examination of the interior surface of the eyeball, including the macula and retinal areas.
One of the first signs of macular degeneration is the presence of drusen (yellow deposits beneath the retina). As the disease progresses, pigment changes of the retina become evident to the trained eye of a professional ophthalmologist. By the time vision loss is noticed by the patient, macular degeneration is easily diagnosed and further testing will be necessary to determine the best treatment method to preserve your vision.
Progression of Macular Degeneration
When the progression of macular degeneration proceeds unabated, it can result in blindness. In the early stages, there are no symptoms whatsoever. As time goes on, the affected individual will typically begin to notice that their vision begins to become “wavy” or blurry. Eventually, the central vision is completely lost, leaving only a fraction of the peripheral vision, which is far inferior to central vision.
Macular Degeneration Treatment Options
It is important to receive regular screening for macular degeneration. If the disease is caught early enough before scarring and significant damage occurs, vision can usually be preserved and blindness can be prevented. Treatment options for this disease include:
- Professional Retinal Surgeon Referral for Eye Injections to Block Development of New Blood Vessels/Block Leakage
- Laser Therapy to Destroy Abnormal Blood Vessels
In some cases, advanced treatment options have actually enabled patients to restore their vision.
If you or a loved one are suffering from AMD or are over the age of 55, please contact the Center for Sight to schedule a screening or learn more about your available treatment options: (724) 744-4009. Contact our Pittsburgh office at (412) 621-7038.